With respect to the garden, the realization of a garden or a small orchard require much more commitment, but also give much more satisfaction.
It is however necessary to have suitable medium with the correct exposure. The area selected should be smooth and not submit basins or depressions that can favor the stagnation of water and then the rot the roots of the plants. For the same reason must be avoided the land downstream of a slope: would be subject to easy flooding.
Work the orto is rather tiring: to simplify operations and make them more easy it is useful to raise the culture medium of about twenty centimeters: just delimit the particles of the Orto with axs and stakes in such a way as to contain the earth and form small raised terraces.
Between a particle and the other is well have axs, grit tiles or special anti-slip pieces of bark so as to be able to walk without doing damage.
The choice of the vegetables to be planted in the garden depends on various factors: the climate of the zone, the commitment that he wants to spend and and the size of the land available. Some plants, for example garlic, parsley, onions, chicory and radishes provide good amount of product even in small plots.
If you have a medium up to 20sqm, it is good that you to concentrate on the cultivation of vegetables in spring and summer to be consumed fresh, while for the winter you bet resistant species as radicchietto, rocket and radish that require little space and can grow also protected by a small plastic tunnels.
Larger areas, over 40-50 sqm, allow instead to cultivate any type of vegetables in all seasons of the year.
The plants are not all the same: depending on the species exploit the soil in a different way and the deplete or enrich of specific nutrients. For this you must never cultivate the same plants on the same medium for more than one season but we need to change them annually. The risk is that our plants can become ill or have made much less than optimal.
The rotation takes place on a triennial basis: the land available to be divided into three zones on which alternate legumes, which enrich the soil nitrogen, average consumers as the leafy vegetables and strong consumer as the plants from root and horticultural as carrots, eggplants, etc.
to keep their own plants in health is well pay attention to combinations: the species with roots that grow in depth should be grown alongside those with surface roots, so as to maintain the fertility of the soil and avoid disease.
To give good results in terms of yield and robustness of the plants the soil must be enriched annually nutrients organic. Is the fertilization, which is carried out every year at the end of winter or at each change of culture.
In its most traditional version foresees the use of manure bovine or equine appropriately left to mature for at least 4-6 months. The fresh manure should not in fact be employed directly on the culture medium because would favor the spread of rot among the plants. Moreover the manure contains numerous seed still active that you schiuderebbero in the garden by growing grass and weeds.
A soil particularly fertile and rich in nutrients may be obtained also thanks to the composting, i.e. the transformation and decomposition of plant remains, kitchen waste, manure and to the work of bacteria in the presence of oxygen and the right dose of humidity. Herbs such as basil, thyme, rosemary and many others can be of valid allied of your garden and of your table. In addition to enriching your dishes of flavors and aromas are in fact particularly suitable for attracting in your garden api, butterflies and other useful insects for pollination and keep away mosquitoes.
The thymus is rather useful for removing parasites from plants while mint is decidedly undesirable alle Formiche.
These plants are also ideal as tappezzanti, which rapidly fills the empty spaces and prevent the growth of weeds and weeds.